Darkness to Light Home Page
Books and eBooks by the Director
Facebook Posts about the ALT: Old Testament
For background to these posts, see ALT: Old Testament - Project Announcement.
I finished the first draft of Genesis for my translation of the OT. I am now working on the second draft. Below is a sample, the third chapter of Genesis.
1Now the serpent was wiser [or, more shrewd] [than] all the wild beasts, the ones upon the earth, which the Lord God made. And the serpent said to the woman, “What has God said, ‘You* shall by no means eat from every tree in the Paradise?’” 2And the woman said to the serpent, “We will eat of [the] fruit of [the] trees of the Paradise, 3but from [the] fruit of the tree which is in [the] middle of the Paradise, God said, ‘You* yourselves will not eat from it, neither shall you* touch it, so that not you* shall die.’” 4And the serpent said to the woman, “You* yourselves will not die [by] death [fig., will surely not die]. 5For God has known that in whatever day you* should eat from it your* eyes will be completely opened, and you* will be as gods, knowing good and evil.”
6And the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that [it was] pleasing to the eyes to see [or, to look upon] and beautiful the [fruit] is to contemplate, and having taken of its fruit she ate, and she gave to her husband with her, and they ate. 7And the eyes of the two were completely opened, and they knew that they were naked, and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. 8And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking about in the Paradise in the afternoon; and both Adam and his wife hid themselves from [the] face of the Lord God in the midst of the tree[s] of the Paradise.
9And the Lord God called Adam and said to him, “Adam, where are you?” 10And he said to Him, “Your voice I heard [as] You are walking about in the Paradise, and I feared because I am naked and I hid.” 11And He said to him, “Who told you that you are naked? You did not eat from the tree which I commanded to you, this alone not to eat from it, did you?” 12And Adam said, “The woman whom You gave [to be] with me, she gave to me from the tree, and I ate.”
13And the Lord God said to the woman, “Why have you done this?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me and I ate.” 14And the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you [are] cursed away from all cattle and away from all the wild beasts of the earth; upon your breast and belly you will go, and you will eat earth all the days of your life. 15And I will put enmity [or, hostility] between you and between the woman and between your seed and between her Seed. He will keep [Heb., bruise] your head, and you will keep [Heb., bruise] His heel.”
16And to the woman He said, “Multiplying I will multiply [fig., I will greatly multiply] your pains and your groanings; in pain you will give birth to children. And your turning [fig., submission] [will be] to your husband, and he will lord over you.”
17Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and ate from the tree which I commanded to you, this only not to eat from it, cursed [is] the ground in your work, in pain you yourself will eat of it all the days of your life. 18Thorns and thistles will it rise [fig., grow] to you, and you will eat the vegetation of the field. 19In sweat of your face will you eat your bread until you return to the earth out of which you were taken; for earth you are and to earth you will depart [or, return].”
20And Adam called the name of his wife Life [Gr., Zoe; Heb., Eve], because she [was] the mother of all living. 21And the Lord God made for Adam and his wife clothes of [animal] skin [or, leather], and He clothed them.
22And God said, “Behold, Adam has become as one of Us, to be knowing good and evil. And now lest he stretch forth his hand, and shall take of the tree of the life and shall eat, and he himself will live into the age [fig., forever]. 23And the Lord God sent him forth out of the Paradise of Luxury [or, Delight; Heb., Garden of Eden] to be working [or, cultivating] the ground out of which he was taken. 24And He cast out Adam and caused him to dwell over against the Paradise of Luxury, and He stationed the cherubs and the flaming sword, the one turning about to be guarding the way of the tree of the life.
Finished the second draft of Genesis for my translation of the Old Testament. Probably my favorite verse from Genesis is the following. It is basically the OT’s equivalent to Romans 8:28. God’s sovereignty can turn seemingly evil or bad things that happen to us into good.
"You* took counsel against me for evil, but God took counsel concerning me for good, that it shall become as [it is] today, that many people should be sustained continually (50:20; ALT)."
For those who don't know, Romans 8:28 reads, "But we know that to the ones loving God all things work together for good, to the ones being called according to [His] purpose" (ALT3).
Just finished translating the story of the Exodus and the parting of the Red Sea. Exciting stuff! Picturing Charlton Heston the whole time I was working on it.
Still translating Exodus. Some of the parts after chapter 20 can get rather boring and tedious to translate, until you get to the story of the golden calf (chapter 32). That part is rather exciting! I love how Aaron makes it sound like the calf formed by some kind of miracle (verse 24), when in fact, he fashioned it (verse 4).
Just finished the first draft of Exodus. It got rather difficult because the Greek Septuagint (LXX) omits quite a few verses or parts of verses. But these were the “redundant” verses in Exodus. God first instructs Moses in detail how to build the tabernacle and all the various items for it. Then all of the instructions are repeated when the items are actually made. But the LXX omits many of the redundant instructions, so the LXX condenses the Hebrew text somewhat. I translated a few of the more important verses from the Hebrew, but bracketed them to show they are “added.”Also, some of the Greek is rather difficult, and the tediousness of it can get to you after a while. But now, I’m going to go over Exodus a second time before proceeding to Leviticus.
Finished the second draft of Exodus. Now it’s on to Leviticus. Most find Leviticus to be rather boring to read, but I’ve always found it rather interesting. It is a strong testimony to the absolute holiness of God and our need of atonement for sin to be able to come near to Him. But I’ll see what it’s like translating it.
Just finished translating Leviticus 26. The first 13 verses are uplifting. They outline the blessings that will come upon the nation Israel if they obey God’s laws and ordinances. But then the text continues:
14‘But if you* will not obey Me, nor do these My ordinances, 15but disobey them, and your* soul should loathe My judgments, so that you* should not keep all My commands, so as to break My covenant, 16then I will do thus to you* (ALT).
After this comes a long list of very scary judgments that will come upon the nation. Given how much the USA has “loathed” the commands of God and is no longer walking in his ordinances, I truly fear that His judgments will soon be coming upon our nation.
In my God Given Foods Eating Plan book I make the case that vegetarianism is not Biblical. Moreover, it’s not just that God gives “permission” for us to eat meat, but that God “intends” for us to eat meat. This case is even stronger in the LXX rendering of Leviticus 11:
1And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, 2“Speak to the sons [and daughters] of Israel, saying, ‘These are the animals which you* will eat of all animals upon the earth. 3Every animal parting [the] hoof and making divisions of two hooves, and chewing the cud among the animals, these you* will eat.
Most translations have “may eat” in verse 2. But the LXX has a future tense here, indicating God intends for use to eat “clean” animals. I discuss in my book why, although it is not still a spiritual requirement to follow the distinction between clean and unclean animals, it is wise to do so for health reasons.
If anyone is interested in pursuing this issue further, or in studying what the Bible (and science) has to say is healthy versus unhealthy eating, see my “Eating Plan” book.
Homosexual advocates try to claim that the Old Testament injunctions against homosexual sex are no longer applicable. Or they claim they are only referring to sex within the context of pagan religious observances. But if either of those claims is true, and it is thus okay to have homosexual sex today, then it is also true that it is okay to have sex with an animal. The reason for this is both prohibitions occur one right after the other:
22‘And you will not sleep sexually with a male [as with] a woman, for it is an abomination. 23Neither will you give sex, your insemination, to any animal, to be polluted with it: neither will a woman present herself before any animal to mount [fig., have sex with] it; for it is a perversion (Leviticus 18:22-23; ALT).
I discuss this passage in detail and many others in my book The Bible and Sexual Relationships Issues.
Translating the Book of Numbers can be rather tedious, with the repetition of numbers and the archaic laws. But in the midst of the tediousness is this gem:
24“May the Lord bless you and keep you. 25May the Lord make His face to shine upon you, and have mercy upon you. 26May the Lord lift up His countenance upon you, and give you peace.”
That is my prayer for all of my friends here on FB [and readers of this newsletter].
The following is an important passage from Numbers due to Jesus referring to it in the New Testament:
6And the Lord sent into the people deadly serpents, and they bit the people, and many people of the sons [and daughters] of Israel died. 7And the people came to Moses and said, “We sinned, for we have spoken against the Lord, and against you: pray therefore to the Lord, and let Him take away the serpent[s] from us.” And Moses prayed to the Lord for the people 8And the Lord said to Moses, “Make for yourself a serpent, and put it on a signal-[staff] [fig., flag pole]; and it will be [that] if a serpent shall bite a person, everyone having been bitten, having looked at it will live.” 9 And Moses made a serpent of bronze, and put it upon a signal-[staff]: and it happened [that] whenever a serpent bit a person, and he looked on the bronze serpent, he lived. [cp., John 3:14] (Numbers 21:6-9; ALT).
The reference from the NT reads:
And just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so it is necessary [for] the Son of Humanity to be lifted up (John 3:14; ALTD).
How these passages fit together is that just as the Israelites who repented and looked at the bronze serpent were spared and lived, today when we repent and look to Jesus and His death on the cross, we are forgiven and live eternally.
I find the following passage from Numbers 27 interesting given Moses’ reaction. When God tells him he’s going to die, rather than being concerned about himself, he’s concerned about the congregation of Israel whom he had been leading. It’s also interesting because Jesus alludes to it.
12And the Lord said to Moses, “Go up to the mountain in the [country] beyond [Jordan], this Mount Abarim [LXX, Nabau], and behold the land Canaan, which I give to the sons of Israel for a possession. 13And you will see it, and you also will be added to your people, just as Aaron your brother was added [to his people] in Mount Hor. 14Because you* transgressed My word in the wilderness of Sin, when the congregation resisted [and refused] to sanctify Me; you* did not sanctify Me at the water before them.” (This is [the] water of Strife in Kadesh in the wilderness of Sin.)
15And Moses said to the Lord, 16“Let the Lord, the God of the spirits and of all flesh seek out [or, appoint] a man over this congregation, 17who will go out before their presence, and who will come in before their presence, and who will lead them out, and who will bring them in; so the congregation of the Lord will not be like sheep to which there is not a shepherd [or, without a shepherd]. [cp. Matt 9:36; Mark 6:34] (Numbers 27:12-17; ALT).
The passages from the NT read:
Now having seen the crowds, He was moved with compassion concerning them, that they had been distressed and had been dejected, like sheep not having a shepherd. [cp. Numb 27:17] (Matt 9:36; ALT3).
And having come out [of the boat], Jesus saw a large crowd. And He was moved with compassion on them, because they were like sheep not having a shepherd, [cp. Numb 27:17] and He began to be teaching them many [things] (Mark 6:34; ALT3).
Facebook Posts about the ALT: Old Testament. Copyright © 2012 by Gary F. Zeolla.
Books and eBooks by Gary F. Zeolla, the Director of Darkness to Light
The above items were posted on this Web site June 29, 2012.
Analytical-Literal Translation: Main Page
ALT: Old Testament
ALT: Hardcopy and eBook Formats
Subject Index Alphabetical List of Pages
to Light Home Page
Click Here for Books and eBooks by Gary F. Zeolla